Project Description


The aim of this research was to study the effect of the composition and functioning of board committees on firms’ financial distress. Exponential, Weibull and Cox regression models were used to conduct a survival analysis on a sample of 273 Italian listed companies for the period 2004–2017, which indicated that the presence of non-executive members on remuneration and audit committees, and remuneration committees meeting more frequently may enhance firms’ stability. In contrast, a high frequency of nomination committee meetings seems to be positively related to the probability of financial distress. Although we only partially controlled for endogeneity issues, our findings contribute to the literature on financial distress-prediction models by deepening the importance of the composition and functioning of board committees (beyond other corporate governance variables and financial ratios). We can also provide firms with practical suggestions to promote financial stability.